Automotive technology

A New Future in the Automotive Industry – Geospatial World

With the development of numerical control technology, there are rapid advances in mechanical processing and flexibility in manufacturing techniques. Modern computer integrated manufacturing techniques are capable of producing complex geometries with high efficiency and at a lower cost compared to the conventional manufacturing process. Nowadays, modern integrated manufacturing techniques such as CNC, which involves the use of a computer for tasks such as drilling, reaming, cutting operations, are a favorable option for both the prototyping and production of car parts around the world.

cnc-machine

CNC is a numerically controlled machine that uses G-codes and M-codes for cutting, drilling, and other manufacturing processes with precision and accuracy. The design and manufacture of mechanical parts in modern CNCs are highly automated. Part dimensions are defined using CAD software which is then converted into manufacturing guidelines using CAM (computer aided manufacturing) software. The transformation of directives into specific commands such as G and M codes is necessary for the particular machine to produce the component.

Figure1 5-Axis CNC Machining

Tool movement on CNC is controlled along different axes. Modern CNC machines in use use the 5 axis machining. 5 axismachining allows the work tool to move along 5 different axes at the same time allowing the machining of complex parts with total efficiency and precision.

CNC Automotive

Every facet of manufacturing technology demands high performance. Therefore, many machining techniques are used by car manufacturers for the production of different parts such as body sheets, windshields, door panels and various internal and external components. Automotive manufacturers use CNC machines for faster production of precise and highly efficient parts. The use of the CNC machine in the automotive field is called Automotive CNC.

Several important automotive components can be produced using CNC automotive technique. The cylinder of an engine is one of them, where a large block of aluminum can be made into an engine block or an engine cylinder where the piston moves up and down at high speed and temperature.

Figure2 High-precision micro-optics by 5-axis CNC machining

in the same way Automotive CNC can be used for both interior and exterior vehicle lighting using a material such as acrylic glass or PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate). Other components such as exhaust parts, suspension parts, carburetor housings, etc. can be manufactured using CNC automotive technique as the whole process is relatively fast to produce precise parts. Since CAD allows rapid modification of the design of parts, this manufacturing technology is therefore useful for the customization of the vehicle and its components.

Introduction of artificial intelligence in the CNC

AI (artificial intelligence) is basically the system or operation of algorithms that are automatically optimized as they go through certain processes. The domain of fast manufacturing is experiencing revolutionary changes after the introduction of artificial intelligence in CNC machines improving its performance.

Artificial intelligence reduces machine downtime. As the machine runs, it develops defects that are sometimes difficult to detect, thus reducing productivity on an industrial scale. With the introduction of AI in CNC machines, the machine will be able to self-diagnose the fault using AI software, which will save many hours of machine downtime. the machine. Moreover, the introduction of AI in Automotive CNC will also aid in quality control by maintaining consistency of output. Output will be continuously monitored and verified with automatic adjustments made to produce consistent products. This will impact cost and efficiency with higher accuracy and less wastage of raw material.

Application of AI-assisted CNC in self-driving cars

Self-driving cars, also known as self-driving cars, are the vehicle that moves with less or no human intervention by sensing the environment. They combine various sensors in order to judge the surrounding environment. The control system used then interprets the information to identify the correct path and block obstacles.

Figure 3: The working methodology of self-driving cars

The role of automotive CNC in self-driving cars is of great significance. With the introduction of AI in CNC, automotive CNC has yielded more output than before. AI-assisted CNC automotive is used in automotive parts manufacturing as well as in automotive machining. As self-driving cars require more precision than human-driven cars, where the risk of errors can be taken into account. These CNCs are used in the manufacture of electrical components as well as mechanical components of self-driving cars. Moreover, The CNC automotive can be used for various other operations such as tapping centers, mold making applications, laser machining, material handling, etc. The electrical components of the autonomous vehicle that can be manufactured by CNC automotive are the radar sensors that detect the dynamics of the road, the processing components, the optical instruments of the car, the membrane switches, the adapters, the connectors, the sockets , the wave solder palette. These parts require higher surface quality and greater precision. Additionally, all parts must be exactly the same, which is accomplished by the AI-assisted CNC automobile.

Figure4: A prototype heat sink

Additionally, precision CNC machines using AI can also be used to design programmed components with a feedback mechanism, helping cars drive themselves. For example, using a precision CNC machine, a program was designed to automatically turn off a car if left on for a certain period of time without any human effort by AI-generated code. Likewise, the AI-assisted CNC automobile can be used to create the components that can provide situation alerts and the code can be integrated by the AI ​​to make the right decisions, which will facilitate the self-driving mechanism. .

Figure 5: Precision CNC machining

Advantages of Automotive CNC

1. Speed

One of the biggest advantages of automotive CNC is speed over conventional machining. This advantage is particularly evident during the mass production of components because the computer can repeat the program as many times without any interruption.

2. Precision and Accuracy

Accuracy is another reason for automotive CNC over conventional machining. The best machine settings offer tolerances of 0.001″ due to the self-contained nature of the machine. Such fine tolerances are demanded in the automotive industry where the failure of any critical component can lead to serious consequences, especially in self-driving cars.

3. Repeatability

The work of the CNC machine can be repeated without any deviations so that the parts produced are identical and precise. This technology is therefore particularly useful in mass production where identical parts without error can be reproduced.

Figure 6: A prototype automotive positioning parts

The Future of AI-Assisted CNC

As technology develops, the future of AI-assisted CNCs will be more intertwined. The AI ​​will be smart enough to link the CAD software and correct any errors in the designs to achieve the best possible results. Generative design will be introduced to improve designs through a series of iterations. The manufacturing process can also be linked to cloud computing so that operations can be performed from a cloud storage platform on the Internet, which saves system memory. Therefore, AI-assisted CNCs will play a much larger role in manufacturing and machining operations, especially in the automotive industry., so that automotive prototyping will do the same part.

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